Stakeholder Capacity Building

Capacity-building is aimed at effective and informed participation in decision-making and sustainable IFM implementation. Capacity building should go beyond raising stakeholder awareness and aim at developing the capability of stakeholder groups to understand the different facets of the issue, and their own role within a complex set of actors. It is crucial to acknowledge that different skill sets are needed at different levels for different stakeholder groups depending on the roles they are expected to play. The variety of stakeholders, their respective interests, needs and gaps with regard to skills, knowledge and ability to adequately take part in participatory planning processes should be carefully analyzed.

In developing stakeholder capacity three levels should be considered: institutional, community and individual.

  • Institutional capacity-building aims at improving the performance of organizations, mainly in terms of incorporating stakeholder needs, facilitating the cooperation with other organizations and disseminating information to its members.

Methods for capacity building: formal training of staff, organizational reforms, financial support, learning through the evaluation of  activities and sharing experience with other organizations.

  • Community capacity-building focuses on building awareness and knowledge of flood risks and flood mitigation measures. The most important community skill is training in flood preparedness planning, including local flood risk assessment, business continuity planning, flood warning and emergency response, flood-proofing activities and organization of relief activities.

Methods for capacity building: dissemination of public awareness materials (especially in schools), community meetings, sharing information on websites, TV and radio programmes, commemoration of well-remembered flood events and sharing experiences with other communities that have successfully initiated or implemented innovative programmes.

  • Individual capacity-building focuses on creating opportunities for those individuals already playing a key role in government departments, RBOs and CBOs and enables them to develop their understanding, knowledge base and leadership skills.

Methods for capacity building: training programmes, study tours and staff exchange with similar organizations. Role playing, for instance, can be an interesting way to help people see a problem from another perspective, and allows the participation of a full range of representatives of community groups, interest groups or key stakeholders.

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