IFM Principles

Integrate land use planning and water management

  • The three main elements of river basin management (water quantity, water quality, and the processes of erosion and deposition) should be linked in planning. Accounting for the natural interdependence of these elements contributes to the sustainability of planning measures.
  • Effects of land use changes and the construction of infrastructure on the various elements of the hydrological cycle need to be taken into consideration. For example sealing of land surfaces or large scale deforestation in upstream areas is likely to result in increased flood risk downstream.
  • Land use planning and water management must be combined in one synthesized plan. Through coordination of land and water management, authorities achieve consistency in planning and may improve river basin performance in several different ways simultaneously.
  • Integrating land use planning and flood management requires an assessment of flood risk and risk awareness not only among planners but also all the stakeholders.

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