Environment and Sustainable Development

Ecosystems are a foundation of human existence. Human security and well-being are closely related to maintaining ecosystems and avoiding environmental degradation. Since socio-economic development can lead to very severe impacts on the environment, it is essential to factor environmental aspects into development planning in order to balance development imperatives and environmental preservation.

There is a number of concepts and approaches which highlight the importance of sound ecosystems and aim to reconcile socio-economic development with environmental preservation; the most important concepts are presented in this chapter: 

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