Flood prepardness


Flood preparedness aims at alleviating the effects of floods, including:

  • the construction of flood resistant buildings (dry- and wet-proofing) and
  • the posting of flood action plans on local scale (infrastructure maintenance).



Flood preparedness can be mainly influenced by increasing the resilience of the people and the built environment. It can be achieved by local scale measures taken at the property (building) level. Using these measures, the resilience of the buildings can be improved either by:

  • preventing floodwater entering the building (dryproofing)
  • or by applying waterproof materials and elevating the services and inventory above the expected flood level (wetproofing).



As such measures strongly depend on the residentsí behaviour and their capacity to apply them, they are only effective if residents are aware of the imminent hazard.

Apart from increasing the resilience capacity of the built environment, the urban infrastructure has to be maintained in a way that its maximum flood resilience capacity is available in case of a hazardous event. Communities and agencies responsible for urban infrastructure should take care together with the residents that the infrastructure is maintained properly.

Example of flood resistant building



Flood Resilience Built Environment Wetproofing Dryproofing

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"Flood prepardness"