Capacity building of human resources

Capacity building of stakeholders during a workshop on extreme surges at Hamburg, Germany


Capacity building of human resources ( or Capacity building of stakeholders) is a resilience strategy devoted to promote the importance of the concept of “living with floods rather than flood fighting” on the microscale level, focusing on individual flood management measures and increasing public awareness of flood hazard [*1].

Capacity Building was defined in Agenda 21 (Chapter 37, UNCED, 1992.) as:

  • the creation of an enabling environment with appropriate policy and legal frameworks;

  • institutional development, including community participation;

  • human resources development and strengthening of managerial systems [*2].


More recently the Cooperative Programme on Water and Climate [*3] identified that as regards Integrated Water Resources Management: ‘coping measures need to combine a suite of technical/structural and non-structural measures.’ This requires capacity building and the utilisation of what is termed the ‘safety chain’ concept:

  • Prevention

  • Preparation

  • Intervention

  • Risk spreading
  • Recondition

  • Reconstruction

These should be used within a ‘coherent suite of actions’ encompassing them all. This safety chain concept ‘encourages economic and societal innovations and provides for investment opportunities’.

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*2 Ashley et al. (2007)

*3 Biemans et al. (2006)



Further Information


"Capacity Building of Human Resources"