Flood resilience measures


Flood resilience measures (FReM) are regarded as potentially very effective as they:

  • reduce the vulnerability of the receptor and/or reduce the exposure without negative impact on the hydrological system.
  • support the recovery of society after an extreme flood and thus stand for the improvement of resiliency of the whole system.

The notion ‘resilience’ refers to the ability of a system, community, society or defence to react and recover quickly and easily from the damaging effect of realised hazards. The maximum possible social and economic resilience against flooding can be afforded by a sustainable flood management. Provided the aim to protect guarantees a strategic, catchment based approach and is realised in a way, which is affordable both now and in the future.


FReM can be categorised in the 4 A’s of the safety chain of flood resiliency: Alleviation, Avoidance, Awareness and Assistance [*1].

A list of FReM type of measures, their correlation to the 4 A´s and their description can be seen here.


FReM strategy encompasses:

Capacity Building of Human Resources Landuse Control Flood Prepardness Contingency Planning

Information about the four topics of flood risk management can be selected from the diagram above. Please click on the relevant topic. 

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Flood resilience measures



*1 Biemans et al. (2006)



Further Information