Environmental Assessment


Environmental assessment is a tool for intensive examination, necessary for decisions that have a diverse and significant environmental impact. Environmental assessment is applied at various levels of decision-making.



Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is used at policy, plan and programme levels

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is applied at project design and implementation levels


For effective environmental assessments, it is important to facilitate a dialogue between environmental and development authorities as well as with informed public representatives. Information exchange and use, with readily understandable data, facilitate communication among the various stakeholders and experts and play a vital role in ensuring close collaboration and transparency. Consultation and public participation is the key to carrying out both EIA and SEA. While decision-making authority is retained by governments, interaction with people and eliciting feedback allows affected populations to influence the decision-making process by raising issues that should be considered in scoping, project design, mitigation, monitoring and management plans and analysis of the alternatives.

Headers and keywords
Page content

< Previous   Next >

Environmental Assessment





Applying Environmental Assessment for Flood Management

Further Information