Non-structural flood management measures

NSMs: Capacity building of stakeholders, landuse regulations, emergency prepardness

Definition

Non Structural Measures (NSMs) can be considered as a set of mitigation and/or adaptation measures that do not make use of traditional structural flood defence measures. They reduce damage without influencing the current of the flood event. Non-structural flood management measures include all flood management measures that are not  based on large-scale defences.

Methodology

NSMs are part of an integrated approach to risk management in the EU sense that addresses all components of the Source-Pathway-Receptor-Consequence model.

These measures encompasses:

  • information, education and communication tools (flood maps, public presentations, collaborative platforms etc.)

  • spatial planning (flood risk adapted landuse)

  • building regulation and improvement of building flood resistance (wet-proofing and dry-proofing)

  • flood action plans at a local scale (infrastructure maintenance)

  • financial preparedness (insurance of residual risk and reserve funds)

  • emergency response (evacuation and rescue plans, forecasting and warning services)

  • recovery measures (disaster recovery plans, financial provisions of government).

Context

NSMs can be divided into two broad categories that correspond to different types of opportunities and assessment problems:


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Module
Flood management measures
Source

TUHH

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