Institutions for Participation

River Basin Organizations (RBOs)

On the basin level RBOs can take role to...

  • ...ensure enhanced stakeholder participation in planning, implementation and evaluation of activities
  • ...ensure coordination among various government institutions at the national, state, district and local levels
  • ...provide mechanisms for dialogue between different stakeholders sharing the benefits and concerns related to the basin
  • ...facilitate generation and sharing of information and knowledge such as impact assessment of certain measures on the flood formation process, and flood maps or flood forecasts as well as capacity-building of key stakeholders in the basin.

The challenge to RBOs lies in clearly defining its scope without overlapping with existing administrative and community governance structures and in being representative for all stakeholders of the basin. In order to ensure that the needs of the affected population are considered at the basin level representatives of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) have to be involved in RBOs. 


Community Based Organizations (CBOs)

Located at the grass-root level and in direct touch with the community CBOs (e.g. clubs, local unions, associations, local religious institutions etc.) have the advantage of being familiar with local conditions and indigenous means of protecting the community and their surroundings. In many cases they are organized under an umbrella organization that represents its membership in decision-making processes that do not allow the participation of the full set of members. For example local communities in a particular floodplain or alongside a particular river may organize themselves in a such forms of representation. CBOs in the context of flood management are supposed to...

  • ...serve as an intermediary between decision making bodies and the community
  • ...provide a platform for the community to come together, discuss problems and concerns and develop potential solutions
  • ...inform the community about planning issues and options
  • ...formulate statements which are representative for the majority of community members
  • ...elect community representatives who are authorized to represent the community's interests in superior bodies (e.g. RBOs)
  • ...activate community members to implement planned solutions;
  • ...mobilize locally available or external resources to implement identified solutions
  • ...raise community awareness and promote community action on environmental and disaster issues and livelihood options
  • capacity of community members
  • ...carry out monitoring and evaluation of locally implemented flood management projects

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