Stakeholder Involvement in IFM

Flood management is a complex process touching upon a variety of social, economic, cultural and political issues and the physical and technical realities. Decision-making in flood management has largely been a top-down, engineering-oriented process. In many cases this led to unsustainable measures or strategies which are not supported by the affected communities. In recent years the need for increased cooperation and collaboration across sectors and public participation has become more widely accepted. The effectiveness of an IFM approach depends largely on mobilizing and rallying for greater stakeholder participation from the start. Greater participation of all stakeholders in flood policy development is considered vital since it enables inhabitants of flood-prone regions to become aware of the level of risks they are ready to accept and play a conducive or complementary role in the flood management efforts the government is undertaking. A shift from paternalism to informed consent is advocated here, whereby professionals formulate the options for flood management strategies and measures, inform the public or the stakeholders and seek input and feedback from those in final decision-making.



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