IFM Principles

Incorporate risk management principles 

  • Flood management should be seen as a continuous process - rather than a one-time task.
  • The distinction between the main risk components: in its essential form risk is the product of "probability x consequence". For floods it can be defined as the product of a hazard (flood), physical exposure of people and assets to such flood, and vulnerability (susceptibility to the negative consequences of a flood). This distinction is  is crucial for successful risk management as each component offers a distinct set of options to manage overall flood risk.
  • In the past flood management focused often on response activities. Integrated Flood Management is based on applying measures for flood preparedness, response and recovery on equal terms in order to prevent the conversion of flood risks into flood disasters. (see figure below).

  • Carrying out comprehensive flood risk assessments, including hazard and vulnerability assessment, is crucial for the holistic analysis of flood risks. In this process the communication of flood hazards and risk to the affected population and the public at large in form of flood maps or other measures is crucial.

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Figure: Swiss Civil Protection

Further Information

Risk Definition